Traditionally water pollution levels have been low, yet due to higher levels of industrialization and population growth, and absence of proper water treatment systems, water pollution levels have increased very significantly. Higher water pollution levels have not only resulted in health problems, it has adversely affected the flora and fauna in a region. In many areas farmers are unable to cultivate their crops ( the crop yields have reduced0 and fishermen have reported reduced fish catches due to higher pollution levels
Posts published in March 2021
Most of the sources of water pollution in industrialized countries occur from chemical contamination, either from the leakage of chemicals in soil or drains, or through accidental spills. Oil spills, for example, can occur in wells or water vessels and can pollute the water miles away from the location spill. Industrial plants also dump wastes into the water, although this is rare in developed countries, due to strict government regulations regarding the disposal of hazardous materials. In developing countries, pollution due to hazardous chemicals will be more common,
Water pollution is the term used to describe any unsafe materials, toxic or other substances that are contaminating a water source. This could be composed of biological and chemical substances, and the source of water can be ponds, lakes, seas, oceans, or water systems used for drinking and bathing by mankind.Rainfall consists of very pure water, but since water is a solvent, many substances dissolve in the water as it will fall on the ground
The most dangerous type of water pollution are chemicals dissipate from homes and businesses and in some cases, the human or animal waste materials. Some of these chemicals will dissolve in the water and cannot be easily removed except using chemical processes, adding chemicals which react with the dissolved solvents to form salts which can be easily removed.
Comparatively mud in the water can be easily removed using filters or will settle at the bottom due to sedimentation. The effect of biodegradable waste like organic waste will be limited, however plastics and other substances can cause many problems including flooding of cities
In industrialized countries, pollution levels of water are much lower than in the third world and developing countries. This is because of better standards of governance, high-tech systems for purification of water instead of cleaning waste water disinfected with chemicals, and purify it to make it unfit for consumption. Areas that do not have these high-tech technologies may find water contaminated by animal waste entering the water supply source or chemicals escaping from the earth into underground wells. In developing and undeveloped countries, corruption and nepotism levels are very high, with top government officials often only interested in their personal gain, not the welfare of the country. Hence if the polluting company offered a bribe to the officials regulating, they will take the money and look the other way.